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2020自考英语二翻译考试重点试题及答案

发布时间:2020-05-04 16:34:05 阅读时间:25秒 来源:www.zkbkjy.com

阅读次数: 作者:虞美人

简述:英语本科自考科目较多,例如有英语翻译,英语写作,英美文学选读等,具体考试科目以主考院校相关规定为主,英语是自考本科热门专业

英语本科自考科目较多,例如有英语翻译,英语写作,英美文学选读等,具体考试科目以主考院校相关规定为主,英语是自考本科热门专业之一,毕业后就业方向较多,待遇也丰厚。接下来小编为大家介绍一下2020自考英语二翻译考试重点试题及答案。


2020自考英语二翻译考试重点试题及答案

I.Fill in the following blanks (20%):

1/ 翻译理论又有了新发展。傅雷在《高老头·重译本序》中提出:以效果而论,翻译应当像临画一样,所求的不在形似而在________。60年代钱钟书在《林纾的翻译》一文中更进一步提出:文学翻译的最高标准是“化”。把作品从一国文字转变成另一国文字,既能不因语文习惯的差异而露出生硬牵强的痕迹,又能完全保存原有的风味,那应算得入于________。

2/ 汉语自有汉语之美。汉语不注重对客观现实作符合逻辑的形式的描摹,不执著于形式结构的规范。汉语是一种时现“阴柔之美”(________ )的语言。汉语的魅力系于她的流散和疏放,系于她的暗示力和________。

3/ 英语不甘于逻辑的内涵,而是将逻辑关系“________”,以明显的逻辑标记使自己成为一种重“形合”的语言。而汉语则乐于不动声色的“________”,在其表层结构上不留或少留逻辑痕迹。

4/ 译文既传达原文的信息,又尽可能地保持原文的________。直译是一种重要的翻译方法。有人估算,翻译过程中,________的句子要用直译方法来处理。

5/ 陆殿扬先生就曾明确指出:Translate literally, if possible, or, appeal to____________.(如果可能,就直译;否则就采取_________。)

6/ 汉语是一种“________”,寥寥数词,就能出意境,出氛围,出画面。所以,汉语中许多________的表达要译成英语,那简直是要英语的“命”了。

7/ 形合与意合是语言学涉及句法问题的两个重要概念。其相应的英语表达系源于希腊语的________和________。

8/ 文体犹如一年中的四季,春夏秋冬,四季分明。文体有正式(the formal style)与非正式(the informal style)之别。再细分,前者含庄严体(the Frozen Style)与正式体(the Formal Style);后者含商议体(the Consultative Style)、________(________ )、亲密体(the Intimate Style)。正式与非正式之间,也一如四季。

9/ 读欧阳修《丰乐亭记》里的“仰而望山,俯而听泉”,忽悟:此乃借用白居易《庐山草堂记》“仰观山,俯听泉”语。此间仅曾一字,则文气却异,除增加了一份舒缓外,还别有一番行文趣味。初唐杰出诗人王勃27岁就匆匆离开人世,却给后人留下了传世名篇《腾王阁序》,此外,他还写下了“________,________ ”的千古名句。细究之下,此名句乃脱胎于庾信的“落花与芝盖齐飞,杨柳共春旗一色”。

10/ 1.Thirty Years Ago, Man Slipped Bonds Of Earth / 2.Kennedy Drama Brings Tributes, Trauma In U.S. Press

两条标题均隐含幽默。前者________,后者________。

II.English to Chinese (20%):

1/ You look like AL Capone in that suit.

2/ Though a translation may be like old wine in new bottles or a woman in man's clothing, the results can be both tasteful and alive.?

3/ It is a long lane that has no turning.

4/ My Heyne’s Tibullus was grasped at such a moment. It lay on the stall of the old book-shop in Goodge Street ---- a stall where now and then one found an excellent thing among quantities of rubbish.

5/ We had plenty of company in the way of wagon-loads and mule-loads of tourists ---- and dust.

6/ Nothing. No tracks but my own are stitched into the dusting of fresh snow, white as birch bark, that fell during the night. No flittering shadows in the trees, not a sliver of bird song in the air.

7/ There are seasons of the heart. There are seasons in our lives, just as there are seasons to all of nature. These seasons cannot be forced any more than one can force the coming of spring by pulling at tender blades of grass to make them grow. It took me a while to understand.

8/ The young girls laugh as they drive the geese over the rocks; they laugh as they climb the low stone walls with their baskets; they laugh as they call off the wild dogs that threaten to devour the stranger; they laugh most of all on evenings at dance time when the men are home from overseas.

9/ Some fishing boats were becalmed just in front of us. Their shadows slept, or almost slept, upon that water, a gentle quivering alone showing that it was not complete sleep, or if sleep, that it was sleep with dreams.

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